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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 57 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 何其仁、楊偉正、宋妤。 1991。 蔬菜。 地景企業股份有限公司。 台北市。 231 pp。
  2. 高德錚。 1996。 生菜萵苣知多少。 台中區農業專訊15:25-27。
  3. 黃晉興、羅朝村。 1998。 台灣萵苣萎凋病之調查初報。 植病會刊7 : 150-153。
  4. Alstrom, S. 2001. Characteristics of bacteria from oil seed rape in relation to their biocontrol of activity against Verticillum dahliae. J. Phytopathol. 149:57-64.
  5. Altman, J., and Lawlor, S., 1966. The effect of some chlorinated hydrocarbons on some soil bacteria. J. Appl. Bacteriol. 29:260–265.
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王巧貞(2013)。不同施肥下玉米根內生菌群落變化之研究。中興大學土壤環境科學系所學位論文。2013。1-61。 
  2. 陳泊菘(2009)。產氣細菌防治柳橙綠黴病的效果與其抑菌氣體成分的分析。中興大學植物病理學系所學位論文。2009。1-63。 
  3. 黃靜淑(2008)。Bacillus mycoides 防治甘藍幼苗病害之效果評估。中興大學植物病理學系所學位論文。2008。1-30。 
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