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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 42 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 1. 行政院衛生署,衛生統計動向,2001。
  2. 2. 內政部,中華民國老人狀況調查報告,1996。
  3. 4. 行政院衛生署,公共衛生統計,2001。
  4. 5. Drewnowski A, Evans WJ. Nutrition, physical activity, and quality of life in older adults: summary. Journals of Gerontology Series A-Biological Sciences & Medical Sciences 2001; 2(2):89-94.
  5. 6. Bonomi AE, Patrick DL, Bushnell DM, Martin M. Validation of the United States'''' version of the World Health Organization Quality of Life (WHOQOL) instrument. Journal of Clinical Epidemiology 2000;53(1):1-12.
Times Cited (6) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李佳融(2013)。老人晨飲機的概念設計。臺北科技大學創新設計研究所學位論文。2013。1-88。 
  2. 彭惠臻(2009)。社區榮民健康相關生活品質與遠距離健康照護之研究。元智大學資訊管理學系學位論文。2009。1-108。 
  3. 李建賢(2017)。數位式助聽器使用與中老年聽覺損傷族群之生活品質關係探討。臺灣大學公共衛生碩士學位學程學位論文。2017。1-67。 
  4. 張孟卿(2005)。腦部傷害病患生活品質問卷中文版信度,效度與感應度之評估。臺北醫學大學傷害防治學研究所學位論文。2005。1-38。
  5. 黃素微(2005)。台灣簡明版世界衛生組織生活品質問卷之效度再探。國立臺北教育大學教育心理與諮商學系碩士班學位論文。2005。1-118。
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