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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 39 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 1. Testa MA, Simonson DC. Assessment of quality-of-life outcomes. New England Journal of Medicine 1996;334(13):835-40.
  2. 2. 林榮第、姚開屏、游芝亭、王榮德。健康相關生活品質之效用測量方法信度與效度的評估:以血液透析之末期腎病患者為例。中華衛誌1997;16(5):404-16。
  3. 3. 台灣版世界衛生組織生活品質問卷發展小組。台灣簡明版世界衛生組織生活品質問卷之發展及使用手冊。2001;第一修訂版。
  4. 4. 台灣版世界衛生組織生活品質問卷發展小組。台灣簡明版世界衛生組織生活品質問卷之發展簡介。中華衛誌2000;19(4):315-24。
  5. 5. Amy EB, Donald LP, Donald MB, Mona M. Validation of the United States’ version of the World Health organization Quality of Life (WHOQOL) instrument. Journal of Clinical Epidemiology 2000;53:1-12.
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳怡如(2007)。外傷性腦受傷患者健康相關生活品質之縱貫研究。臺北醫學大學傷害防治學研究所學位論文。2007。1-76。 
  2. 何伶娟(2012)。脊髓損傷患者社會資源應用與生活品質之相關探討。中臺科技大學護理研究所學位論文。2012。1-91。 
  3. 張雅玲(2012)。應用SF-36情境量表分析腦中風住院患者接受園藝療法之成效。中臺科技大學健康產業管理研究所學位論文。2012。1-88。 
  4. 朱蓓琪(2012)。國小學童跳繩專業化、SF-36健康量表與體適能之探討。亞洲大學休閒與遊憩管理學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2012。1-119。
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