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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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    Reference ( 170 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 陳寅恪:《隋唐制度淵源略論稿、唐代政治史述論稿》,北京:三聯書店,2001年。
    2. 湯承業:〈論李德裕裁抑閹寺的謀略〉,《食貨月刊》第2卷第12期,1973年3月,頁617-624。
    3. 傅璇琮:〈《李德裕年譜》新版題記〉,《書目季刊》第33卷第3期,1999年12月,頁147-150。
    4. 傅璇琮:〈一心為學,靜觀自得——《李德裕年譜》新版題記及補記〉,《中國文化研究》2001年第2期,頁36-39。
    5. 許東海:〈宰相.困境.家園:李德裕辭賦之罷相書寫及其陶潛巡禮〉,《中正大學中文學術年刊》第16期,2010年12月,頁57-80。
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