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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 52 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 4.江惠英、鍾信心(1995),血液透析病人疲倦感與社會支持憂鬱傾向及血液生化檢驗值相關性探討,護理研究,5(2),p115-126。
  2. 5.陳美玲、顧乃平(1996),血液透析病患生活品質及其相關因素探討,未出版之碩士論文,國防醫學院,台灣台北。
  3. 11.林榮第、姚開屏、游芝亭、王榮德(1997),健康相關生活品質之效用測量方法信度與效度之評估:以血液透析之未期腎臟患者為例,中華衛誌,16(5),p404-414。
  4. 14.陸玓玲(1998),台灣地區生活品質研究概況,中華衛誌,17(6),p442-457。
  5. 15.姚開屏(2002),台灣版世界衛生組織生活品質問卷之發展與應用,台灣醫學2002:6(3)193-200。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 廖秋萍(2010)。腹膜透析病患治療成效之相關因素探討。臺北醫學大學護理學系碩士暨碩士在職專班學位論文。2010。1-129。 
  2. 陳春美(2008)。不同透析類別方式病患生活品質的比較-以中部某一醫學中心為例。亞洲大學健康管理研究所學位論文。2008。1-106。
  3. 李君璘(2013)。慢性腎臟病患的自我效能、自我管理與生活品質之探討。臺灣師範大學健康促進與衛生教育學系學位論文。2013。1-143。
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