Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 58 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 參考文獻
  2. 1.內政部a。96年10月底老人長期照護、養護安養機構概況。取自: http://www.moi.gov.tw/stat/。2007年12月8日取得。
  3. 2.內政部b。近年我國老年人口數一覽表。取自:
  4. http://sowf.moi.gov.tw/04/07/1/1-03.htm。2007年12月8日取得。
  5. 3.內政部。身心障礙者生活需求調查報告。取自:
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳國金(2015)。口腔衛生教育介入對某身心障礙機構照顧者改善住民口腔照護狀況成效分析之研究。中山醫學大學牙醫學系碩士班學位論文。2015。1-170。 
  2. 陳玉英(2015)。口腔照護執行者的口腔衛生知識、態度、執行狀況與中風病人口腔衛生之相關性探討。臺灣大學護理學研究所學位論文。2015。1-134。 
  3. 李秋璇(2010)。應用網路教學於護理系學生暴力處置課程知識成效之探討。中山醫學大學護理學系學位論文。2010。1-85。
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