Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 48 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王韻琴,王淑蓉,田佳靈,何玉清,李復文,李淑瑜,于煥中等人(民80)。<接受血液透析治療病患之心理社會問題之探討>。<<腎臟與透析>>,3(3),42-47。
  2. 吳韻淑(民80)。<<影響血液透析病人自我照顧行為因素之探討>>。台灣師範大學衛生教育研究所,碩士論文,未出版,台北市。
  3. 李瑜弘(民87)。<<長期血液透析病患之壓力、社會支持、無助感與自我照顧行為之相關性探討>>。高雄醫學大學護理學研究所,碩士論文,未出版,高雄市。
  4. 杜口永芬(民81)。<尿毒症患者對接受血液透析治療之認知與態度及其影響因素>。<<腎臟與透析>>,4(2),82-90。
  5. 林文源(民87)。<>。清華大學社會人類學研究所,碩士論文,未出版,新竹市。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林庭如(2015)。糖尿病腎病變中年洗腎病患之生活經驗。長榮大學護理學研究所學位論文。2015。1-122。 
Altmetrics 〈TOP〉
E-mail :
When an article is available to download, a notice will be sent to your mailbox address.
E-mail :