Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 85 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王士華、戎瑾如、陳喬琪、魏秀靜(2007).青少年精神分裂症病患主要照顧者相關壓力、習得智謀與照顧負荷之研究.護理雜誌, 54(5),37-47。doi:10.6224/jn.54.5.37
  2. 王厚中、羅素貞(2012).精神分裂病患者家屬之困境與處遇-臨床觀點探討.家庭福祉,192-202。
  3. 王淑珍、劉瑞芳、王淑慧、王金洲、李英俊(2013).長期呼吸器依賴病患之主要照顧者負荷與需求探討-以南區呼吸照護病房與居家照護為例.呼吸治療,12(2),1-15。doi:10.6269/jrt.2013.12.2.01
  4. 王釧如(2008).與羈絆的靈魂共舞-一位阿茲海默是症患者之主要照顧者的生命經驗敘事研究(未發表的碩士論文).嘉義:南華大學生死學研究所。
  5. 王增勇(2011).家庭照顧者做為一種改革長期照顧的社會運動.台灣社會研究季刊(85),397-414。
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