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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 81 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Atsuro Tsutsumi, Takashi Izutsu, Akramul Md Islam, A.N. Maksuda, Hiroshi Kato and Susumu Wakai(2007). The quality of life, mental health, and perceived stigma of leprosy patients in Bangladesh. Social Science & Medicine, 64,2443–2453.
  2. Bosma H, Marmot MG, Hemingway H, Nicholson AC, Brunner E, Stansfeld SA. (1997). Low job control and risk of coronary heart disease in Whitehall II (prospective cohort) study. British Medical Journal,314,558-65.
  3. Bosma H, Peter R, Siegrist J, Marmot M. (1998). Two alternative job stress models and the risk of coronary heart disease.Am J public Health .88,68-74.
  4. Burgener, S.C. (1999).Predicting quality of life in caregivers of Alzheimer’s patients: the role of support from and involvement with the religious community. Journal of Pastoral Care,53(4),433-436.
  5. Caplan, R.D., Jones, K.W. (1975). Effects of workload, role ambiguity, and type A personality on anxiety, depression, and heart rate. Journal of Applied Psychology, 60 ,713-9.
Times Cited (13) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳嬿如(2009)。台中縣市大型老年長期照護機構照護人員工作壓力差異性之探究。中山醫學大學醫學研究所學位論文。2009。1-106。 
  2. 歐淑伊(2013)。加護病房護理人員照顧瀕死病人家屬哀傷反應的意願及其相關因素之初探。長榮大學護理學系(所)學位論文。2013。1-86。 
  3. 林淑娟(2010)。醫療保健服務業研究助理的工作特質、工作狀況、生活品質與心理健康。長榮大學職業安全與衛生學系(所)學位論文。2010。1-91。 
  4. 陳心怡(2010)。大臺北地區公立國民中小學學校護理人員健康相關生活品質及其影響因素之研究。臺北醫學大學護理學系碩士暨碩士在職專班學位論文。2010。1-139。 
  5. 許豪(2014)。工作壓力與社會支持對醫院工作者組織承諾之相關性-以宜蘭縣某區域教學醫院為例。臺灣大學公共衛生碩士學位學程學位論文。2014。1-133。 
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