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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 84 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Al-Omiri, M.K. Al-Wahadni, A.M. and Saeed, K.N.(2006).Oral health attitudes, knowledge, and behavior among school children in North Jordan. J Dent Educ, 70(2):179-87.
  2. Beltran-Aguilar ED. Goldstein JW. Lockwood SA.(2000). Fluoride varnishes. A review of their clinical use, cariostatic mechanism, efficacy and safety. Journal of the American Dental Association, 131(5):589-96.
  3. Heyland DK, Gafni A, Kernerman P.(1999). How to use the results of an economic evaluation. Crit Care Med,27:1195-202.
  4. Horan T, Saint S, Chenoweth C.(2001). The role of economic evaluation in infection control. Am J Infect Control,29:338-44.
  5. Ivanova K.(1995). Caries reduction by milk fluodidation in Bulgaria. Adv Dent Res,9:120-121.
Times Cited (5) 〈TOP〉
  1. 徐淑惠(2013)。成人對安寧療護認知與態度之調查研究。國立臺北教育大學教育學系生命教育碩士班學位論文。2013。1-125。 
  2. 施美如(2012)。臺北巿學校護理人員安寧療護認知與態度之調查研究。國立臺北教育大學生命教育研究所學位論文。2012。1-98。 
  3. 張孟琦(2017)。最後一哩路,你有不受苦的選擇—安寧緩和醫療團隊照護身、心、靈的需求。臺灣大學新聞研究所學位論文。2017。1-57。 
  4. 葉韋汶(2009)。以Andersen模式探討影響6~12歲兒童牙醫醫療利用因素之研究。亞洲大學健康管理研究所學位論文。2009。1-45。
  5. 黃陳洋(2011)。長照機構照護人員善終信念與照護臨終住民態度之相關。亞洲大學長期照護研究所在職專班學位論文。2011。1-166。
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