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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 44 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Allison, J. J., Kiefe, C. I., Cook, E. F., Gerrity, M. S., Orav, E. J., & Centor, R. (1998). The association of physician attitudes about uncertainty and risk taking with resource use in a Medicare HMO. [Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.]. Medical Decision Making, 18(3), 320-329.
  2. Bruce, R. A., & Hornsten, T. R. (1969). Exercise stress testing in evaluation of patients with ischemic heart disease. Prog Cardiovasc Dis, 11, 371.
  3. Burns, L. R., Connolly, T., & DeGraaff, R. A. (1999). Impact of Physicians' Perceptions of Malpractice and Adaptive on Intention to Cease Obstetrical Practice. The Journal of Rural Health, 15(2), 134-146.
  4. CDC (2007). Prevalence of Heart disease -- United States, 2005. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, 56(06), 113-118.
  5. Costa, P. T., & McCrae, R. R. (1988). Personality in adulthood: a six-year longitudinal study of self-reports and spouse ratings on the NEO Personality Inventory. Journal of Personality & Social Psychology, 54(5), 853-863.
Times Cited (6) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳建志(2015)。醫療院所特質與醫師特質對醫師選擇顱內動脈瘤治療術式的影響。臺北醫學大學醫務管理學研究所學位論文。2015。1-69。 
  2. 林亞陵(2009)。影響生命末期住院病人簽署“不施行心肺復甦術”內容之相關因素探討。中國醫藥大學醫務管理學系碩士班學位論文。2009。1-85。 
  3. 蕭慧卿(2011)。醫師人格特質及工作價值觀與醫療行為關聯性之研究。中臺科技大學健康產業管理研究所學位論文。2011。1-87。 
  4. 李欣慈(2016)。以行動研究促進長照機構高齡住民及家屬參與預立醫療照護諮詢。臺灣大學護理學研究所學位論文。2016。1-162。 
  5. 黃秀梅(2016)。臺北市公立安養護機構照顧工作人員執行安寧照顧經驗分享。臺灣大學社會工作學研究所學位論文。2016。1-122。 
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