Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 96 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 沈介文(2002)。公關人員對專業核心能力認知之研究。新聞學研究,72,119-145。
  2. 沈介文、蔡美怡(2003)。公關專業人員核心能力認知之跨國比較。東海管理評論,5(1),71-92。
  3. 吳欣怡(2005)。誠泰COBRAS公共關係運作及球迷認知效益評估。未出版碩士論文,國立臺灣師範大學,臺北市。
  4. 吳國銑、徐偉庭(2008)。以組織文化觀點探討我國全國體育組織之運作。中華體育季刊,22,134-144。
  5. 官有垣(2000)。非營利組織在台灣的發展:兼論政府對財團法人基金會的法令規範。中國行政評論,10(1),75-110。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 郭哲君(Che-Chun Kuo);鄭志富(Chih-Fu Cheng);陳美燕(Mei-Yen Chen)(2012)。社會資本的流動:以社會網絡分析觀點論我國體育運動組織之資源發展。中華體育季刊。26(4)。455-464。 
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