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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 119 ) 〈TOP〉
  1.  李英芬 接受安寧居家照顧之家屬的情緒支持。安寧療護,5(1),54-57。2000。
  2.  林麗嬋、歐美、吳肖琪 長期照護中主要照顧者之家庭功能、社會支持與情緒。護理研究,5(1),77-87。1997。
  3.  邱泰源、胡文郁、蔡甫昌、周玲玲、姚建安、陳慶餘 緩和醫療照顧的倫理困境。臺灣醫學,2(6),633-640。1998。
  4.  邱泰源 緩和醫療癌末照顧之倫理困境。應用倫理研究通訊,8,26-30。1998。
  5.  范聖育 家庭功能與安寧療護主要照顧者生活品質的相關性探討。國立成功大學行為醫學研究所未發表之碩士論文。2002。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 郭淑雅(2008)。台灣結節性硬化症:臨床特徵與照顧者資訊需求。臺灣大學分子醫學研究所學位論文。2008。1-110。 
  2. 陳瑞儀(2007)。由癌末病人家屬看安寧共同照護模式下末期照護品質之研究。臺灣大學護理學研究所學位論文。2007。1-85。 
  3. 黃齡慧(2016)。比較醫師與護理人員角色對安寧共同照護病人/家屬簽署DNR之影響。中國醫藥大學醫務管理學系碩士班學位論文。2016。1-85。
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