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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 97 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 姚開屏(2000)。台灣簡明版世界衛生組織生活品質問卷之發展及使用手冊(第一版)。
  2. 張珏、陳芬苓 (1993)。女性更年期研究的回顧與展望。婦女與兩性學刊, 4 ,263-293。
  3. 高振傑(2003)。反社會性格疾患與藥物依賴男性受刑人在性格特質向度之比較。台南市:國立成功大學醫學院行為醫學研究所碩士論文。
  4. Argyle, M., Lu, L.(1990). The happiness of extraverts. Personality and Individual Differences,11,1011-1017.
  5. Asplund, R., & Aberg, H. (1996). Nocturnal micturition, sleep and well-being in women of ages 40-64 years. Maturitas, 24, 73-81.
Times Cited (5) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳浩銘(2007)。大學生自殺意念之探討-絕望自殺理論相關變項的檢視與延伸。中原大學心理學研究所學位論文。2007。1-187。 
  2. 錢承君(2011)。探討吸菸行為背後的心理歷程及其與人格特質和生活品質的關係。臺灣大學心理學研究所學位論文。2011。1-122。 
  3. 潘惠玟(2007)。護理人員之健康生活品質研究。亞洲大學健康管理研究所學位論文。2007。1-92。
  4. 鍾育紋(2010)。已婚男性憂鬱症患者的人我關係與自我調適。臺灣師範大學教育心理與輔導學系學位論文。2010。1-216。
  5. 黃凱祺(2014)。台灣中老年人人格特質、社會支持、因應型態與生活品質的關係。中山醫學大學心理學系暨臨床心理學碩士班學位論文。2014。1-111。
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