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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 79 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 余萬能、胡文琳、李志恒。(民87)。台灣地區藥物濫用社會成本推估初報。中華衛誌,360-369頁。
  2. 林美足、柯慧貞。(民91)。家庭功能與男性酒精依賴患者之飲酒行為與生活品質之相關研究。國立成功大學行為醫學研究所碩士論文。
  3. 姚開屏、王榮德、林茂榮(民89)。台灣版世界衛生組織生活品質問卷之及展及使用手冊(第一版)。台灣版世界衛生組織生活品質問卷發展小組。
  4. 黃一展、李志恒、楊欽銘。(民88)。藥物濫用住院戒治病人之間接成本推估及其影響因子分析。中華衛誌,第十八卷,第四期,271-282頁。
  5. American Psychiatric Association. (1994). The diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disease. Fourth edition. Washington D.C., U.S.A.
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 胡淑梅(2009)。酒癮患者使用不同酒癮戒治資源後處遇流程之現況探討—以曾自願戒酒之酒癮患者為例。長榮大學社會工作研究所學位論文。2009。1-102。 
  2. 謝兆翔(2006)。那淬松合併心理治療對預防酒癮復發的效果討論。成功大學行為醫學研究所學位論文。2006。1-68。
  3. 林窈如(2007)。過敏性鼻炎中西醫合併治療成本效益分析 -以全民健康保險研究資料庫1996-2003年為例。中國醫藥大學醫務管理學系碩士班學位論文。2007。1-81。
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