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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 85 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林孟志、廖美雲、黃崇旂、蔡熒煌(1997)‧中重度慢性阻塞性肺病患者多方位肺部復建計劃的評估‧台灣醫學會雜誌,96(11),869-873。
  2. 邱艷芬(2001)‧長吐氣呼吸法對肺葉切除術後病人心肺功能之效果‧台灣醫學,5(4),516-522。
  3. 姚開屏(2000)‧簡介與評論常用的一般性健康相關生活品質量表兼談對未來研
  4. 姚開屏(2002)‧台灣版世界衛生組織生活品質問卷之發展與應用‧台灣醫學,
  5. 施富金(2002)‧焦點團體法在生活品質測量之應用---以慢性阻塞性肺疾病
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 童惠芳(Hui-Fang Tang);白玉珠(Yu-Chu Pai);林柏瑤(Po-Yao Lin);陳美娟(Mei-Chuan Chen);蔡雅琪(Ya-Chi Tsai)(2012)。分析手臂運動訓練對病人脫離呼吸器之成效。護理暨健康照護研究。8(2)。138-148。 
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