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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 31 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 4.江銘章(2003),「策略性採購、製造彈性能力、分工競合、競爭優勢與組織績效之關係研究-以台灣汽車零件製造業為例」,國立成功大學高階管理碩士在職班論文。
  2. 12.郭芝雄(2007),「知識管理、採購能力與採購策略對採購績效之影響,以國內,聚酯纖維廠與供應鏈之實證」,國立成功大學高階管理碩士在職班論文。
  3. 13.陳明祥(2011),「議價力評估之影響因素討論,以資訊共享及交易參考情報微調節變數」,國立成功大學企業管理研究所碩士在職班論文。
  4. 2.Baily, P., and Farmer, D.(1982), Purchasing Principles and Management., Pitman Purchasing Inc, London.
  5. 6.Leenders, M.R., Fearon ,H. E., Flynn, A.E., and Johnson, P.F.(2002),“Purchasing and Supply Management,” 12e.
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