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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 77 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 呂寶靜(2000)。老人朋友網絡支持功能之初探,社會政策與社會工作學刊, 4(2),43-90。
  2. 林松齡(1993)。老人社會支援來源與老人社會需求。載於王國羽編,社會安全問題之探討(頁265-289)。嘉義:國立中正大學社會福利研究所。
  3. 周玉慧、莊義利(2000)。晚年生活壓力、社會支持與老人身心健康之變遷:長期資料分析。人文及社會科學集刊, 12(2),281-317。
  4. 周玉慧、楊文山、莊義利(1998)。晚年生活壓力、社會支持與老人身心健康。人文及社會科學集刊, 10(2),227-265。
  5. 徐千峰(2008)。社區組織參與社區環境規劃之研究。國立成功大學建築研究所碩士論文。
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林一美(2015)。台中市推動日間托老服務運作之探討:社會資本觀點。中興大學國家政策與公共事務研究所學位論文。2015。1-133。 
  2. 賴怡伶(2015)。高齡志工榮譽退休制度可行性評估~ 以戴德森醫療財團法人嘉義基督教醫院為例。中正大學社會福利學系學位論文。2015。1-215。
  3. 林奕仁(2016)。都市市中心商業區的社區生活內涵與生活環境營造—以台南市中西區銀同社區為例。成功大學建築學系學位論文。2016。1-238。
  4. 陳怡婉(2017)。在地組織參與台東舊街生活營造之研究—以台東縣台東市強國社區發展協會為例。成功大學建築學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2017。1-170。
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