Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 50 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 1.王建彬、袁建中(2007),「不同生命週期產業評估創新政策」,科技管理學刊,第十二卷第三期,頁35-74。
  2. 3.林有志、傅鍾仁、陳筱平(2012) ,「資訊透明度與報酬-未來盈餘關聯性之研究」,商業現代化學刊,第六卷第四期, 頁1-22。
  3. 4.林有志、傅鍾仁、陳筱平(2013),「資訊透明度、生命週期階段與價值攸關性關聯性之研究」,會計審計論叢,第三卷第一期,頁49-80。
  4. 5.金成隆、林修葳、邱煒恒(2005),「研究發展支出與資本支出的價值攸關性:以企業生命週期論析」,中山管理評論,第十三卷第二期,頁617-643。
  5. 6.林美鳳、吳琮璠、吳清松(2008),「資訊科技投資與企業績效之關係―從企業生命週期論析」,資訊管理學報,第十五卷第二期,頁155-183。
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