Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 127 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王本壯(2005)。公眾參與社區總體營造相關計畫執行之行動研究-以苗栗縣推動社區規劃師運作模式為例。公共行政學報(17),1-35。
  2. 江鴻津(2010)。社會資本與樂齡學習之研究-以桃園縣為例。元智大學社會暨政策科學學系碩士論文。
  3. 吳明烈、李藹慈與賴弘基(2010)。我國終身學習的發展困境與因應策略。臺灣教育(666),13-25。
  4. 呂朝賢、鄭清霞(2005)。中老年人參與志願服務的影響因素分析。臺大社會工作學刊(12),1-49。
  5. 李光中、張惠珠、王鑫、黃可欣、王鈴琪與蔡嘉玲(2008)。促進邊緣區學校和社區協同規劃社區發展計畫之行動研究:以台東利吉和富源社區爲例。環境教育研究,5(2),89-130。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 熊瑛(2018)。全齡友善:明日的連續性照顧學區——以台北老松國小學區為試點的設計提案。成功大學建築學系學位論文。2018。1-108。
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