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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 38 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Akin, S., Can, G., Aydiner, A., Ozdilli, K., & Durna, Z. (2010). Quality of life, symptom experience and distress of lung cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy. Eur J Oncol Nurs, 14(5), 400-409.
  2. Broberger, E., Sprangers, M., & Tishelman, C. (2006). Do internal standards of quality of life change in lung cancer patients? Nurs Res, 55(4), 274-282.
  3. Cai, C., Zhou, Z., Yu, L., & Wan, Y. (2011). Predictors of the health-related quality of life of patients who are newly diagnosed with lung cancer in China. Nurs Health Sci, 13(3), 262-268.
  4. Caissie, A., Culleton, S., Nguyen, J., Zhang, L., Zeng, L., Holden, L., . . . Chow, E. (2012). EORTC QLQ-C15-PAL quality of life scores in patients with advanced cancer referred for palliative radiotherapy. [Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't]. Support Care Cancer, 20(4), 841-848. doi: 10.1007/s00520-011-1160-6
  5. Chang, H. T., Liu, L. F., Chen, C. K., Hwang, S. J., Chen, L. K., & Lu, F. H. (2010). Correlates of institutionalized senior veterans' quality of life in Taiwan. Health Qual Life Outcomes, 8, 70. doi: 10.1186/1477-7525-8-701477-7525-8-70 [pii]
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 廖代翔(2011)。日本大陸擴張政策思想之探討:以內田良平為中心。臺灣師範大學歷史學系學位論文。2011。1-240。
  2. 林芷亘(2017)。晚期非小細胞肺癌病人於首療標靶藥物期間生活品質之縱貫性研究。長榮大學醫務管理學系(所)學位論文。2017。1-150。
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