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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 133 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Philip Kotler。《Marketing Places:Attracting Investment, Industry and Tourism to Cities States and Nations。Simon and Schuster。1993
  2. United States. Army Map Service. (1944). Formosa TAKAO NW 1:25 000.
  3. 王志弘等合著。《文化治理與空間政治》。台北市:群學。2011
  4. 王御風。《近代台灣地方議會與領導階層之研究─以高雄市為例(1920-1960)》。國立成功大學歷史研究所博士論文。2006
  5. 王儀君、李美文、孫小玉主編。《哈瑪星文化研究》。高雄市:中山大學人文研究中心。2012
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 張詩唯(2015)。空間異相或都市意象? -台中宮原眼科奇觀化的歷史空間及其都市觸媒作用。臺灣大學建築與城鄉研究所學位論文。2015。1-164。 
  2. 張竹君(2016)。從城市與藝術節的關係談我們需要什麼藝術節。中山大學劇場藝術學系研究所學位論文。2016。1-108。
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