Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 155 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 1. 王宏仁(2001),社會階層化下的婚姻移民與國內勞動市場:以越南新娘為例,台灣社會研究季刊,第41期,2001年3月,頁99-127。
  2. 4. 李悅晉(2009),中國大陸台商的企業接班:社會資本的維繫與拓展,國立清華大學社會學研究所碩士論文。
  3. 5. 李宗榮,2007,在國家與家族之間:企業控制與臺灣大型企業間網絡再探,台灣社會學,第13卷,頁173-242。
  4. 9. 林南、陳志柔、傅仰止(2010),社會關係的類型和效應:台灣、美國、中國大陸的三地比較,臺灣社會學刊,第45期,117-162。
  5. 10. 邱珍琬 (2004),大學生眼中的父親形象─以一次焦點團體討論為例,屏東師院教育心理與輔導學系助理教授。
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