Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 159 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Baker, D.R., Kasprzyk-Hordern, B., Multi-residue analysis of drugs of abuse in wastewater and surface water by solid-phase extraction and liquid chromatography-positive electrospray ionisation tandem mass spectrometry. J. Chromatogr. A 2011, 1218, (12), 1620-1631.
  2. Bartelt-Hunt, S.L., Snow, D.D., Damon, T., Shockley, J., Hoagland, K., The occurrence of illicit and therapeutic pharmaceuticals in wastewater effluent and surface waters in Nebraska. Environ. Pollut. 2009, 157, (3), 786-791.
  3. Bellanger, X., Guilloteau, H., Bonot, S., Merlin, C., Demonstrating plasmid-based horizontal gene transfer in complex environmental matrices: A practical approach for a critical review. Sci. Total Environ. 2014, 493, 872-882.
  4. Bottoni, P., Caroli, S., Caracciolo, A.B., Pharmaceuticals as priority water contaminants. Toxicol. Environ. Chem. 2010, 92, (3), 549-565.
  5. Bu, Q.W., Wang, B., Huang, J., Deng, S.B., Yu, G., Pharmaceuticals and personal care products in the aquatic environment in China: A review. J. Hazard. Mater. 2013, 262, 189-211.
Times Cited (5) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳韻潔(2012)。在超臨界二氧化碳中降解多氯聯苯與多環芳香烴。中原大學化學研究所學位論文。2012。1-181。 
  2. 簡愷佑(2011)。溴化前驅物於飛灰中對戴奧辛類化合物之形成效應研究。屏東科技大學環境工程與科學系所學位論文。2011。1-92。 
  3. 許鳳心(2008)。台灣西南海域陸源有機碳沉降受鄰近島嶼型河川顆粒傳輸影響之研究。臺灣大學海洋研究所學位論文。2008。1-70。 
  4. 郭麗珍(2009)。多溴聯苯及多溴聯苯醚之螢光性探討。中原大學化學研究所學位論文。2009。1-78。
  5. 麥祐翔(2016)。高屏沿岸海域浮游動物的群聚結構及其多環芳香烴累積之研究。中山大學海洋生物科技暨資源學系研究所學位論文。2016。1-103。
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