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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 27 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. [7] Parsons, D. 2007, “Mobile Learning”, in D.Taniar (Ed.) Encyclopedia of Mobile Computing and Commerce, IGI Global, pp.525-527.
  2. [8] Google Translate API, Retrieved May 7, 2011, from
  3. [13] Chang- Chih Tseng, Chun- Hung Lin, Wen Lian Hsu, “A Mobile Environment for Chinese Language Learning”, Current Developments in Technology- Assisted Education (2006), pp.243-246.
  4. [1] Ali Mostakhdemin-Hosseini, Jari Mustajarvi, “Framework for Mobile Learning System based on Education Component”, Proceedings of the International Conference on Theory and Applications of Mathematics and Informatics- ICTAMI 2003, Alba Lulia, pp.191-195.
  5. [2] Jo Colley and Geoff Stead, “Take a Bite: Producing Accessible Learning materials For Mobile Devices”, Proceedings of MLEARN 2004, pp. 43-46.
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 曾怡君(2012)。以背景相減法實現工作空間人物存在判定。臺北科技大學自動化科技研究所學位論文。2012。1-63。 
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