Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 129 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 5.李佳穗(2000),「主管領導風格對部屬工作投入影響之研究-以高雄地區國立大學為例」,國立高雄師範大學工業科技教育學系未出版碩士論文。
  2. 8.辛雲光(2002),「影響非營利組織經營績效因素之探討-以救國團青年活動中心為個案分析」,朝陽科技大學休閒事業管理研究未出版碩士論文。
  3. 10.林志成(2005),「領導型態與組織文化對組織承諾與組織績效之影響-以國內不同國籍製藥廠之實證」,國立成功大學高階管理碩士在職專班未出版碩士論文。
  4. 17.洪茂森(2003),「領導行為,學習型組織,知識管理,企業文化對組織績效之實證研究」,成功大學企業管理研究所未出版碩士論文。
  5. 22.陳怡仁(2006),「管理者個人背景因素和企業文化與領導型態之關聯性分析」,國立成功大學企業管理學系未出版碩士論文
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