Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 84 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王國慧、潘寶如 (2006)。跳遠選手膝關節屈伸肌等速肌力與運動表現之相關。大專體育學刊,8(2),133-139。
  2. 王進華、陳慕聰、何國龍 (2008)。老年人肌力訓練之生理意義與基本原則。北體學報,16,93-103。
  3. 行政院衛生署國民健康局 (2011)。運動情形男女有別98年度國民運動行為調查結果說明。取自行政院衛生署國民健康局,http://www.bhp.doh.gov.tw/ BHPnet/Portal/Default.aspx
  4. 朱嘉華、潘倩玉 (2010)。阻力與交叉訓練對肌力與身體組成之影響。體育學報,43(2),1-14。
  5. 何應志、李淑玲、傅正思 (2012)。老人肌肉減少症之預防。大專體育,119,62-70。
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