Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 70 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王淑芬、謝文馨,2010,臺灣地區銀行經營績效之分析─以泛公股銀行與民營銀行為例,臺灣銀行季刊,第六十一卷第一期,頁20-48。
  2. 何宙靈,2006,台灣地區消費性貸款與總體經濟因素之實證研究,淡江大學企業管理學系碩士論文。
  3. 余惠芳、陳瑞惠、陳家蓁,2010,財務比率、投資決策與公司績效之實證研究-全球金融海嘯前後比較,全球管理與經濟,第六卷第二期, 1-18。
  4. 何依倫、林俊岳,2012,金融海嘯後台灣上市金融控股公司之經營效率評估-應用四階段DEA,文大商管學報,第十七卷第一期,頁43-64。
  5. 李馨蘋、張月瓊,2006,股權結構與公司風險之實證研究,中華管理學報,第七卷第四期,頁51-69。
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