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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 98 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Alén, R., E. Kouppala, and P. Oesch. 1996. Formation of the main degradation compound groups from wood and its components during pyrolysis. Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis 36: 137-148.
  2. Araújo, R. C. S. and V. M. D. Pasa. 2003. Mechanical and thermal properties of polyurethane elastomers based on hydroxyl-terminated polybutadienes and biopitch. Journal of Applied Polymer Science 88(3): 759-766.
  3. ASTM. 2007. Standard method (D1413-07) for wood preservatives by laboratory soil-block cultures. In: Annual book of ASTM standards, West Conshohocken, PA: American Society for Testing and Materials, p. 452-460.
  4. Booker, C. J., R. Bedmutha, I. M. Scott, K. Conn, F. Berruti, C. Briens, and K. K. C. Yeung. 2010. Bioenergy II: Characterization of the pesticide properties of tobacco bio-oil. International Journal of Chemical Reactor Engineering 8: Art. 26.
  5. Bridgwater, A. V., A. J. Toft, and J. G. Brammer. 2002. A techno-economic comparison of power production by biomass fast pyrolysis with gasification and combustion. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Review 6(3): 181-246.
Times Cited (8) 〈TOP〉
  1. 張延信(2014)。柳杉與相思樹木焦油處理材之耐久性。屏東科技大學木材科學與設計系所學位論文。2014。1-92。 
  2. 周芷萱(2015)。「三一八立法院佔領行動」參與者親密關係與劃界認同研究初探。臺灣大學國家發展研究所學位論文。2015。1-84。 
  3. 徐旭(2014)。社區動員如何可能?-以灣寶與大埔反土地徵收抗爭為例的比較研究。臺灣大學國家發展研究所學位論文。2014。1-134。 
  4. 李耀泰(2008)。技能、市場與勞動者組織-台灣職業工會的不同樣貌。臺灣大學政治學研究所學位論文。2008。1-220。 
  5. 謝琍琍(2006)。就業諮詢運用個案管理工作模式的評估--以雲嘉南區就業服務中心為例。臺灣大學社會工作學研究所學位論文。2006。1-131。
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