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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 103 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 方炳林(1979)。教學原理。台北巿:教育文物。
    2. 吳國銑(2005)。論九年一貫課程學校體育活動之轉型策略。學校體育,90(15),44-49。
    3. 吳德城(2000)。國小體育專家教師教學行為分析。未出版碩士論文,國立臺灣師範大學體育研究所,台北巿。
    4. 李一聖(2002)。台北市國民小學體育教師效能信念有效教學行為與學生學習成效之相關研究。未出版碩士論文,台北市立體育學院運動科學研究所,台北市。李永吟、單文經(1995)。教學原理。台北巿:遠流。
    5. 呂佳玲(2003)。台北縣市國民小學教師教學信念與教學承諾關係之研究。未出版碩士論文,國立台北師範學院國民教育研究所,台北巿。
    Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
    1. 何孟翰(2014)。城鄉地區國民小學高年級學童知覺體育教師有效教學行為之比較研究。國立臺北教育大學體育學系學位論文。2014。1-115。
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