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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 39 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 宋德忠、林世華、張淑芬、張國恩。(1998)《知識結構的測量:徑路搜尋法與概念構圖法的比較˙教育心理學報》30卷2期P123-142
  2. 林達森:〈2003〉。《概念圖的基礎理論與運用實務˙花蓮師範學報》17期P107-132。
  3. 參考文獻
  4. 一、著作
  5. 王壽康(1956)。《演說十講》。台北:正中書局出版。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 許雅惠(2015)。交互教學法結合圖像組織策略對提升國小學習障礙學生閱讀理解成效之研究。國立臺北教育大學特殊教育學系學位論文。2015。1-168。 
  2. 陳鈺玟(2010)。即席演說教學對高中學生作文能力的影響。臺灣師範大學國文學系學位論文。2010。1-142。
  3. 林淑娟(2015)。語文競賽國語字音字形競賽員培訓之行動研究 -以北市某私立小學五年級學生為例。國立臺北教育大學教育學系學位論文。2015。1-166。
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