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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 64 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳翎君 (2003)。「神入」歷史與觀點陳述-引導學童歷史思維的教學方法初探。花蓮師院學報17:133-152。
  2. 宋曜廷、周業太、吳佩璵、林秀珊、曾芬蘭 (2010)。從學校本位評量省思台灣擴大免試入學方案。教育科學研究期刊,55(2),73-113。
  3. 林國陽、項必蒂、陳滿銘(2005)。批判思考融入國小寫作教學之探究。國立臺北教育大學學報, 18卷,2期, 197∼234
  4. 胡凱譯(1999)。沃爾夫岡•胡格(Wolfgang Hug)著。我們的歷史。http://vm.nthu.edu.tw/history/histeach/9-3-3.html
  5. 張元、駱月娟(1997)。十一歲兒童歷史認知能力初探。實中學刊,11,104-134。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林用正(2014)。批判思考運用於改善五年級學生關係霸凌之行動研究。國立臺北教育大學社會與區域發展學系學位論文。2014。1-256。 
  2. 李倍締(2012)。創造與批判思考融入教學對國中生之教學效果。臺灣師範大學創造力發展碩士在職專班學位論文。2012。1-103。
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