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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 37 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 徐新娣(2003)。台北縣市大學生擇偶條件之研究。國立臺灣師範大學人類發展與家庭研究所碩士論文,未出版,臺北市。
  2. 陳琮竣(2009)。身高對男女擇偶身高偏好門檻與擇偶機會的影響。國立臺北教育大學社會與區域發展學系多元文化教育教學碩士班碩士論文,未出版,臺北市。
  3. 張榮富(2006)。年齡對擇偶年齡與身高偏好門檻的影響。中華心理學刊,48(3),275-289。
  4. 張榮富(2007)。擇偶最佳時機的男女差異:一個以台灣人口資料的模擬配對研究。國立臺北教育大學社教系、跨國婚姻與兒童教養中心與日本國際教育學會合辦,「全球化移民現象與教育回應-臺、日國際經驗學術研討會」,臺北市。
  5. 張榮富(2009)。婚姻市場對擇偶偏好的影響:以台灣、香港與南韓為比較。思與言:人文與社會科學期刊,47(4),151-193。
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