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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 95 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 丁琴芳(2008)。國民小學教師專業學習社群發展之研究。國立台北教育大學教育政策與管理研究所校務經營碩士學位在職進修專班論文,未出版,臺北。
  2. 何欣怡(2011)。國民小學教師專業學習社群與團體動力對創意教學關係之研究(未出版之碩士論文)。臺中技術學院企業管理系事業經營碩士班,臺中市。
  3. 何縕琪、張景媛(2003)。合作省思專業成長模式對國小教師的教學知識與信念以及社群關係之影響。教育心理學報,34(2),157-178。
  4. 吳清山(2010)。從教師MP3談教師專業學習社群的營造。教師天地,169,12-19。
  5. 沈靜濤(2009)。教師專業發展評鑑與專業學習社群之個案研究(未出版之碩士論文)。國立臺灣師範大學教育學系,台北市。
Times Cited (11) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林麗惠(2015)。臺北市國民小學學校領導與教師領域備課社群關係之研究。國立臺北教育大學教育經營與管理學系學位論文。2015。1-140。 
  2. 陳金鈴(2014)。新北市國民小學專業學習社群與教師自我效能關係之研究。國立臺北教育大學教育經營與管理學系學位論文。2014。1-248。 
  3. 蕭舜文(2013)。教師專業學習社群召集人領導之個案研究。國立臺北教育大學教育經營與管理學系學位論文。2013。1-160。 
  4. 林紀穎(2014)。一個跨校數學教師社群發展之探究。中正大學教學專業發展數位學習碩士在職專班學位論文。2014。1-231。
  5. 黃孟玉(2014)。三個國中教師專業學習社群之運作。中正大學教育學研究所學位論文。2014。1-126。
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