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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 73 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李懿芳、江芳盛(2008)。有效的學校領導對數學學習成就之影響:以TIMSS 2003臺灣調查資料為例。教育政策論壇,11(2),107-130。
  2. 林文益、黃毅志(2004)。文化資本、社會資本與學生成就的關聯性之研究─以臺東師院為例。臺東大學教育學報,15(2),23-58。
  3. 孫清山、黃毅志 (1996 )。補習教育、文化資本與教育取得。臺灣社會學刊,19,95-139。
  4. 張芳全(2006)。影響數學成就因素探討─以臺灣在TIMSS 2003的樣本為例。課程與教學,9(3),151-168。
  5. 張春興(2004)。教育心理學─三化取向理論與實踐。臺北市:東華。
Times Cited (10) 〈TOP〉
  1. 鄭欣宜(2015)。學生校園安全觀感與家長參與對學科自信的影響-以TIMSS 2011資料庫為例。中興大學教師專業發展研究所學位論文。2015。1-531。 
  2. 黃之泓(2012)。拒絕再製,與多元文化教學:以東南亞新住民子女教學為例。暨南大學東南亞研究所學位論文。2012。1-129。 
  3. 許家禎(2015)。就讀不同學制的學生在科學素養表現之分析-以臺灣PISA 2012為例。國立臺北教育大學自然科學教育學系學位論文。2015。1-142。 
  4. 陳代榕(2013)。建構式數學政策效果評估--以TIMSS為例。臺灣大學經濟學研究所學位論文。2013。1-51。 
  5. 陳耿睿(2011)。台灣國小學童數學學習成就之原因比較研究:以TIMSS 2007資料為例。國立臺北教育大學教育學系學位論文。2011。1-106。
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