Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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  1. 3. 沈中華、張元(2008)。企業社會責任可以改善財物績效嗎?-以英國FTSE社會責任指數為例,經濟論文第36卷第3期,339-385。
  2. 4. 林文玲、傅鍾仁(2011),企業社會責任之揭露對會計資訊價值攸關性-以台灣資訊電子業上市公司為例,商管科技季刊第12卷第2期,209-229。
  3. 6. 林春華、徐瑋、陳美華(2006),探討台灣企業社會責任表現與財務績效表現兩者的變動之關係,致遠管理學院學報1期,295-310。
  4. 12. 程芝萱 (2009),台灣地區社會責任投資組合之績效探討,國立臺灣大學管理學院財務金融組碩士論文。
  5. 15. 蔡佳吟(2008),企業社會責任與財務績效關聯性之再檢視-考量市場效率性與投資人預期以科技業為主,國立台北大學合作經濟學系碩士論文。
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