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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 22 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Antonakis, J., Avolio, B., & Sivasubramaniam, N. (2003). Context and leadership: An examination of the nine-factor full-range leadership theory using the Multifactor Leadership Questionnaire* 1. The Leadership Quarterly, 14(3), pp. 261-295. Elsevier Science Inc
  2. Avolio, B. & Yammarino, F. (2002). Transformational and Charismatic Leadership: The road ahead . Oxford, UK, Elsevier Science, Ltd.
  3. Avolio, B., Zhu, W., Koh, W., & Bhatia, P. (2004). Transformational leadership and organizational commitment: Mediating role of psychological empowerment and moderating role of structural distance. Journal of Organizational Behaviour, 25 (8), 951-968
  4. Bartol, K., & Martin, D. (1998). Management (3rd edition). USA, McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. pp. 410-420
  5. Bass B. (1990b). From transactional to transformational leadership: Learning to share the vision. Organizational Dynamics, 18(3), pp. 19-31.
Times Cited (16) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳氏秋河(2012)。越南語小稱詞之探討。清華大學語言學研究所學位論文。2012。1-80。 
  2. 郭哲余(2012)。掺雜不同濃度碳的二氧化鈦薄膜之電子結構與磁性研究。交通大學電子物理系所學位論文。2012。1-80。 
  3. 泰州亞(2010)。研究並應用Champa藝術於一系列名為”懷古之夢”的手板印花服裝設計。樹德科技大學應用設計研究所學位論文。2010。1-163。 
  4. 陶春琦(2010)。Process of Creating, Storing and Exploiting the Socio-Economic Information in The Data Integration Center of Ninh Thuan Province。樹德科技大學資訊管理系碩士班學位論文。2010。1-121。 
  5. 陳宗彥(2005)。[ZnO(20Å)/Co0.7Fe0.3(1Å)/ZnO(20Å)/Cu(xÅ)]25多層膜結構與磁性質之研究。成功大學物理學系學位論文。2005。1-92。
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