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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 53 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王麗惠、劉芹芳(2005) 。生活品質概念分析於護理之應用。高雄護理雜誌, 22(2) ,41-50。
  2. 台灣版世界衛生組織生活品質問卷發展小組(2001) 。台灣版簡明版世界衛生組織生活品質問卷發展之發展及使用手冊(第一修訂版) 。台北:台灣版 世界衛生組織生活品質問卷發展小組
  3. 吳佩珍、鍾國晃、張宸誌、陳信文、嚴寶勝(2003) 。治療因骨質疏鬆所引起的脊椎壓迫性骨折:脊椎整型術。中華放射線技術學雜誌,27(2),131-136。
  4. 吳凱文、張至宏、楊榮森 (2012) 。骨折患者之臨床照護。臺灣老年醫學暨老年學雜誌,7(2), 91-104。
  5. 吳亞鴛、張瑛、楊麗花、詹惠雅(2005)。協助一位失能老人病人出院準備服務的護理經驗。護理雜誌,52(2), 87-94。
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