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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 108 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 3、江正發、周財勝(2006).老年人休閒活動型態分析.大專體育,87,133-137。
  2. 4、呂惠富(2008).休閒運動之參與動機與休閒效益關係之研究.休
  3. 5、李宗派(2004).老化理論與老人保健(二).身心障礙研究,2(2),
  4. 6、李純華(2005).社區老人健康行為與生活品質之研究.美和技術
  5. 7、李易儒、洪維勵 (2007).銀髮族運動參與程度及利益知覺關係
Times Cited (8) 〈TOP〉
  1. 江學明(2015)。適用於銀髮族之休閒參與資訊服務模式設計。中興大學資訊管理學系所學位論文。2015。1-68。 
  2. 侯佳惠(2010)。高齡者休閒經驗對智慧形成之歷程分析研究。臺北科技大學技術及職業教育研究所學位論文。2010。1-300。 
  3. 許珊蜜(2010)。影響退休信心因素之探討。淡江大學保險學系保險經營碩士在職專班學位論文。2010。1-229。
  4. 姜封胤(2011)。高中(職)軍訓教官風險認知度與退休生涯規劃關係之研究。朝陽科技大學保險金融管理系學位論文。2011。1-82。
  5. 吳尚柔(2012)。失能老人居家服務品質與生活品質關係之研究。臺灣師範大學社會工作學研究所學位論文。2012。1-133。
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