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Climate Change Governance in Taiwan: Transitional Gridlock in a High Carbon Regime

氣候變遷治理在臺灣:高碳政權之轉型困境

Abstracts


The examination of climate governance in Taiwan requires a long term perspective of social transformation to dissect the triple helix interaction of energy and carbon emissions, industry, and air pollution control. From the challenges faced during the structural transformation of these three facets, we can see the government's long-term efforts in climate policy and the gridlock it has faced, as well as corresponding criticisms from civil society and its power to reverse policy decisions. This article attempts to explain the structural impediments that have prevented the transformation of governance. From the Asian perspective of cosmopolitan climate governance, it is necessary to analyze which path dependency has resulted in the quandary of national governance and even of social transformation. The influence of the developmental state, the politics of authoritarian regimes, the economy's high carbon makeup, the brown energy framework, and the ideology of carbon capitalism are examined as contributing factors.

Parallel abstracts


對台灣氣候治理的考察,需要放在長程的社會轉型角度-能源與排碳、產業與治理轉型的三個螺旋鍊運動,進行剖析。從這三個結構性的轉型挑戰,我們可以看到,政府在氣候政策上長期以來的努力與困境,以及公民社會相應的批判與翻轉決策的量能。我們要問的是,是什麼結構性的障礙阻止了治理的轉型,亦即,從亞洲的觀點來看cosmopolitan climate governance,需要分析哪些路徑依賴造成了國家治理、甚至社會轉型的困境,包括發展型國家、威權專家政治、經濟上的高碳結構、褐色能源結構、以及其背後的高碳資本主義論述。本文將指出從最早台灣政府回應1997年京都議定書隔年立即召開的第一次全國能源會議,到2015年9月於COP21之前對全球宣示的INDC,甚至到2016年5月民進黨執政後之能源政策改革保守性,都顯示前述各種路徑依賴之長期、系統性的鎖定效應(locked-in effect)威力。而除了高碳政權對氣候治理轉型的困境之外,在社會端,我們雖看到公眾朝向低碳社會的典範轉移以及各種活躍的反排碳、反空汙、推動綠色能源與公民電廠的活動,但生活在深入鑲嵌的高碳經濟與褐色能源結構下,社會的轉型仍然遲滯,舉步躊躇。

Parallel keywords

高碳政權 鎖定 褐色經濟與能源 COP21

References


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