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培養才藝對升大學的影響-以TYP樣本為例

THE EFFECT OF CULTIVATING ART AND TALENT SKILL ON COLLEGE OUTCOMES: EVIDENCE FROM TAIWAN YOUTH PROJECT

Abstracts


隨著高等教育擴張,民眾關注教育成就的重點已從上大學轉為上好大學。多元入學的實施提升非考試成績對升學的影響。本文以「台灣青少年計畫」,檢視培養才藝決定因素及培養才藝對升大學的影響,其中升大學分為上大學及上好大學。在培養才藝決定因素分析中發現,基測成績與運動舞蹈、作文演講才藝呈負向、正向關係,顯示認知能力與運動舞蹈和作文演講才藝呈替代和互補關係。其次,在控制才藝天份和各項其他變數下,培養才藝和基測成績皆與上好大學呈正向關係,其中作文演講才藝與上好大學之正向關係最明確。另外,培養才藝與基測成績交乘項和上好大學呈正向關係,隱含在多元入學制度下,同時具有優良才藝和基測成績表現者較能獲得較佳的升學結果。

Parallel abstracts


With the expansion of higher education, the public attention on educational attainment has shifted from entering college to entering a good college. The implementation of the multi-channel admission program raises the impact of non-test scores on college outcomes. Using the Taiwan Youth Project, this paper examines determinants of cultivating art and talent skill (cultivating skill), and effects of cultivating skill on college outcomes. In analyzing determinants of cultivating skill, the paper finds that basic competence test scores (BCT scores) are negatively correlated with cultivating sport-and-dance-related skills, and positively correlated with cultivating writing-and-speech-related skills. These findings suggest that the relationship between cognitive ability and sport-and-dance-related skills is substitutional, while the relationship between cognitive ability and writing-and-speech-related skills is complementary. Moreover, after controlling for inherent talent and other characteristics, results indicate that cultivating skills and BCT scores both are positively correlated with entering a good college. Among all skills, the positive correlation between writing-and-speech-related skills and entering a good college is the clearest. Furthermore, the interaction between cultivating skills and BCT scores is positively related to entering a good college, which implies that students who have both decent art and talent performance and good BCT scores may get a better result under the multi-channel admission program.

References


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