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數學能力與性別對高中學生選組之影響

The Impact of Mathematics Background and Gender on the Choice of Major in Taiwan's Senior High School

Abstracts


台灣地區歷經經濟發展及教育環境變遷,高中生在選組上仍明顯存在性別差異,且隨時間演進並無重大改變。本研究利用「台灣教育長期追蹤資料庫」(TaiwanEducationPanelSurvey)分析性別、學生數學能力及家庭背景對於選組的影響,我們的實證結果顯示高中生選組偏好存在相當大的歧異,其中數學成就差距是重要的解釋因素,但數學對男女的影響並不一致,而其它家庭背景變數則相對並不重要。此外雖然女性明顯較男性不傾向選擇自然組,但性別間稟賦差距可解釋的部分只佔16%-21%,性別間選組差異仍大部分無法由男女間稟賦不同所解釋。最後本研究結果間接反駁女生較不傾向選擇自然組,乃因其數學能力較差所致之觀點。

Parallel abstracts


Historical data indicate a significant and persistent gap between male and female choice of major in Taiwan’s high schools. This study examines the effects of parental socioeconomic status on the choice of major, with special attention to gender disparity and its interaction with other factors. Furthermore, using the newly released panel data from the Taiwan Education Panel Survey (TEPS), we are able to investigate the potential influence of a student’s past math achievement on the choice of major and further analyze the difference between male and female students. While math achievement is the most important factor among all variables in determining the choice of major, the impact of math is not consistent across gender. Our results indicate that the differences in endowments account for only 16%-21% of the overall gender gap. Still a considerable portion of the gender gap cannot be explained. Thus, it is inappropriate to attribute the gender difference in choice of major solely to math ability.

References


張苙雲(2003),“台灣教育長期追蹤資料庫:第一波(2001)、第二波(2003)及第三波(2005) 學生、家長、老師資料(現場使用版電子檔)”,中央研究院調查研究專題中心。(Chang, Ly-yun (2003), "Taiwan Education Panel Survey: Base year (2001, 2003, 2005) student, parent and teacher data (on-spot restricted release computer file)", Center for Survey Research, Academia Sinica.)
張苙雲(2008),“台灣教育長期追蹤資料庫:第一─ 四波資料使用手冊(2008.11.21 版)”,中央研究院調查研究專題中心。(Chang, Ly-yun (2008), "Taiwan Education Panel Survey: Users' guide and base year (2008)", Center for Survey Research, Academia Sinica.)
陳建州(2004)。教育期望的性別差異:高中、高職的比較。兩性平等教育教育季刊。26,43-57。
陳建州(2006)。性別間的教育競爭型態分析。教育研究集刊。52(4),71-105。
陳建州(2009)。影響大學生學習領域性別階層化之因素。教育研究集刊。55(2),35-67。

Cited by


張夏鳳(2014)。母親職業對國中子女學習表現的影響〔碩士論文,國立臺灣大學〕。華藝線上圖書館。https://doi.org/10.6342/NTU.2014.01092
陳英豪(2016)。公立高中數理資優男女生數學學習歷程與成就之差異性探討資優教育季刊(141),11-19。https://doi.org/10.6218/GEQ.2016.141.11-19

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