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以地方權益關係人觀點探討臺南市新化區歷史街區振興推動經驗

Research of the Revitalization of Xinhua Historic Districts in the context of Local Stakeholders Perspectives

Abstracts


臺南市政府於2012年率全國之先訂定《臺南市歷史街區振興自治條例》,在制度上正式開啟權益關係人參與歷史街區振興工作的契機。然而,從公共管理的趨勢來看,若能以地方認識為基礎,加之相關法令的制定與執行,其成效則不限於對歷史街區環境的修補,更可融合文化治理的內涵。有鑑於此,本研究以地方權益關係人的觀點,探究在歷史街區振興推動的經驗中,地方權益關係人自身條件差異及彼此間互動模式可能引發的衝突或產生的合作關係;針對權益關係人特性分類並歸納其互動模式,可供相關計畫推動前的評估參考。本研究以臺南市新化區歷史街區計畫作為個案地區,採直接觀察法與深度訪談法辨識地方權益關係人握有的籌碼與關注議題。先以興趣、權利及所有權三種籌碼類型演繹各權益關係群體間的差異,再歸納個別權益關係人身份轉變的動態過程。研究發現,地方上常以節慶活動、市集及競賽等行動策略促成共識性的價值體系,其中,經濟、社會及環境議題三者間又以經濟面向最易形成公眾認同。此外,部分權益關係人以承租或認養的方式積極促成自身的身份變化,不僅確實影響了所有權人原定的行動方向,亦反過來「被」影響,不再以空間形式上的保存為單一訴求,公領域自此得以開展,成為歷史街區振興推動工作的破口。

Parallel abstracts


Since the promulgation of Tainan City Self-Government Ordinance for the Revitalization of Historic Street Districts in 2012, the stakeholders have earned opportunities to participate in the revitalization of historic districts. From a trend perspective of public management, the effect of local revitalization could be limited to fixing historic built environment and fuse the context of cultural governance with local knowledge. With the observational method and in-depth interview, this research study on competition, cooperation and contradiction between the local stakeholders' types in case of Xinhua Historic Districts revitalization, and with the result, the related plans could be evaluated before the project implementation. Firstly, the stakeholders' group differences are inferred by making deductions from stake types of interest, ownership and right. And then, based on this, the dynamics process of their status change are analyzed. The study found that action strategies, such as festivals, fairs, and competitions, will facilitate the local common value system. Meanwhile, to form public identification, economic issues are more manageable than the social and the environmental. Some stakeholders translate their status actively by renting or volunteering to manage historical objects and change the owners' scheduled action guidelines. On the contrary, the form preservation is not the sole issue of cultural heritage care. Furthermore, the local revitalization promotion business is run with the key phrase of the public contribution.

References


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胡海豐(2016),從「都市治理」到「公司治理」:都市更新的可行性探討,「都市與計劃」,第 43 卷,第 1 期,第 31-57 頁。doi:10.6128/CP.43.1.31
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陳敦源、劉宜君、蕭乃沂、林昭吟(2011),政策利害關係人指認的理論與實務:以全民健保改革為例,「國家與社會」,第10期 , 第 1-65 頁 。doi:10.30174/JSS.201106.0001

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