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Exploration of Regional Characteristics Affecting the Distribution of Unregistered Factories from the Perspective of the Industrial Development: A Case Study of Tainan



Parallel abstracts

Unregistered factories, established by fast industrial development, were a unique phenomenon in Taiwan. In the production structure of the industry, unregistered factories offered economic efficiency to the country and the region by participating in the economy unofficially to formal production processes. They also became advocates of the economy of rural areas in Taiwan, reducing urban-rural gaps and resolving the problem of labor employment in the cities. Regarding the studies about unregistered factories in Taiwan, the invisibility in spatial distribution and social controversy made it impossible to conduct a thorough investigation on unregistered factories through quantitative exploration of their spatial distribution and the relationship with the surrounding areas. Consequently, the study, integrating the open accesses about recent agriculture and industrial references along with surveys for land use, summarized the suspected locations for unregistered factories in Tainan. In addition, these potential unregistered factories were compiled with the geographic information system to analyze the spatial distribution and clusters of the factories. Overlay analysis was further incorporated to identify the correlation between the factory distribution and the characteristics of the surrounding areas. From the perspective of industrial development, the study interpreted that the phenomenon originated from the interaction among the cost of industrial location, transportation accessibility, cluster effect, and policies. Unregistered factories were eventually established on farmland. Later, the binary logistic regression model was selected to understand the effect of regional features on the distribution of unregistered factories. Factors that influenced the distribution of unregistered factories were, therefore, identified. In response to the unregistered factories as a rare event in land use, sample balance was conducted with a combination of oversampling and under sampling during the investigation. According to the empirical study, the location selection of factories was no longer focused on what was concerned significantly in the past, the cost. Instead, policy and cluster effect were the two prerequisite factors affecting the occurrence of violations. The cost then conspicuously influenced the distribution outcome under the premise of the impact of the two factors. Besides, transportation infrastructure was considerably associated with the distribution of unlisted factories. The directivity and concentration of transportation infrastructure affected the directionality of unregistered factories. Hence, the study indicated that planning for area development under policies remarkably influenced unregistered factories.


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