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後社會主義的參與式自然資源保育和社群韌性-以中國大陸拉布海流域管理為例

Post-Socialist Participatory Resource Conservation and Solidarity Resilience: A Case Study of Watershed Management in Lashihai, Mainland China

Abstracts


自然資源的保育因需要密集的勞力,且涉及極為多元的利益,故非常強調透過社會部門(包括資源取用者以及志願組織)的參與及實踐。而社會部門的運作則依賴)強大的網絡、有效的規範,以及人際之間的信任關係,來推動自我管理的集體行動。是什麼樣的條件與契機,讓中國大陸這樣一個受到國家強力箝制的社會,能夠發展出參與式的自然資源保育集體行動?本研究以雲南省拉市海的流域管理為例,探討村民如何在國際非營利組織的引導下,取得政府的協助,以自主管理解決拉市海魚源枯竭的問題,並揭示在後社會主義的威權政體下,市民社會重建並參與治理的可能。

Parallel abstracts


As the conservation of natural resources requires intensive labor force and even involves rather diverse interests, it highly emphasizes the participation of the social sectors, including resource users and voluntary organizations. The operation of the social sectors relies on strong networks, effective norms, and interpersonal trust-worthy relationships to sustain the collective actions of self-management. Under what conditions can such a strong state-clamped society of Chinese Mainland develop a participatory mode of natural resource conservation? This study takes the watershed management in Lashihai, Yunnan province as an example to discuss how the villagers had, with the assistance of international nonprofit organizations and the endorsement of governments, achieved a successful participatory watershed management. It also reveals the possibilities of the civil society's reconstruction and participation in governance under the post-socialist authoritarian rule.

References


〈拉海市〉,2017,維基百科:https://zh.wikipedia.org/wiki/%E6%8B%89%E5%B8%82%E6%B5%B7。2018/3/28。
Lamouroux, C.、董曉萍譯(2003)。不灌而治—山西四社五村水利文獻與民俗。北京:中華書局。
于建嶸(2005)。當代中國農民維權組織的發育與成長—基於衡陽農民協會的實證研究。中國農村觀察。2005(2),57-64。
毛丹、任強(2006)。中國農村公共領域的生長:政治社會學視野裡的村民自治諸問題。北京:中國社會科學出版社。
牛銘實(2014)。中國歷代鄉規民約。北京:中國社會科學出版社。

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