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我國結構性失業與因應政策之探討:以1996至2000年資料推估

A Study on the Structural Unemployment and Related Policies in Taiwan: Estimation from the Period of 1996-2000

Abstracts


學術界多認為我國於1996年起已發生嚴重的結構性失業現象,惟對於這項失業的規模卻缺乏實證推估,對於因應的對策亦缺乏整體檢視,乃至就業服務實務中亦缺乏有效篩選結構性失業者的參考指標。本研究運用主計處1996至2000年「人力運用調查」資料,透過推估結構性失業的數量、檢視對策走向、以及建構失業者篩選指標,期能提供未來實務操作參考。研究發現此期間結構性失業已日趨嚴重,推估結構性失業人數於2000年已高達11萬人,並佔失業人口的47%;此外檢視這期間政府相關18項方案顯示,結構性失業並未成為政府對策的主軸;未來為有效篩選結構性失業者,可將年齡、性別、學歷、產業別、組織規模別、與職業別等作為六項區辨指標,預期將有65%的正確判定率。

Parallel abstracts


Most scholars believe that the degree of structural unemployment was getting worse since 1996 in Taiwan. However, the exact numbers of unemployed workers due to structural unemployment have not been estimated in the literatures. Using the data of 1996-2000 Labor Forces Utilization Surveys, this study found that the degree of structural unemployment has been increased during the period of 1996 to 2000, and the size of unemployed population due to structural unemployment was around 110,000 in 2000. In addition, a review on 18 programs, provided by Taiwanese government for assisting the unemployed, revealed that those programs tend to assist the general unemployed workers rather than the structural unemployment workers. In order to screen those structural unemployment workers efficiently, the study suggested that six indicators could be considered as reference indicators, such as age, sex, education, industry, firm size, and occupation. Finally, the policy implications of the above findings were also discussed in the paper.

References


王文娟(2002)。日本的結構性失業問題。主要國家產經政策動態季刊。2,53-57。
林昭吟()。
行政院主計處()。
96年人力資源調查統計年報
李誠(1996)。臺灣的結構性失業問題。經濟前瞻。45,126-130。

Cited by


王家駿(2016)。油價變動率對台灣紡織業獲利影響之研究-非線性模型之應用〔碩士論文,淡江大學〕。華藝線上圖書館。https://doi.org/10.6846/TKU.2016.00605
洪振宇(2013)。總體變動對台灣紡織業獲利之影響-以非線性模型為例〔碩士論文,淡江大學〕。華藝線上圖書館。https://doi.org/10.6846/TKU.2013.01253
徐癸榮(2010)。台灣失業問題與政府對策之比較研究-以陳水扁政府與馬英九政府為例〔碩士論文,淡江大學〕。華藝線上圖書館。https://doi.org/10.6846/TKU.2010.00861
劉香蘭(2015)。揭開台灣照顧的多重面紗— 揭開台灣照顧的多重面紗~個人生命經驗與社會政策的對話〔博士論文,國立臺灣大學〕。華藝線上圖書館。https://doi.org/10.6342/NTU.2015.00762
黃鼎恩(2012)。台灣總體計量模型之產業結構探討〔碩士論文,國立臺灣大學〕。華藝線上圖書館。https://doi.org/10.6342/NTU.2012.02588

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