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工作自主經驗與父母教養行為:雙元自主性促進因素的範疇優勢性檢證

Job Autonomy Experience and Perceived Parenting Behavior: A Validation of the Domain-superiority Facilitating Argument of the Dual Autonomy Model

Abstracts


本研究以工作自主經驗與父母教養行為探討雙元自主性促進因素的對應範疇優勢性。研究一使用台灣青少年成長歷程研究的追蹤資料庫,以第八、九波調查的1,198位參與者資料進行分析。結果發現:(1)工作自主經驗的促進效果主要作用在提升個體的個體化自主性;(2)父母溫情教養的促進效果主要作用在提升個體的關係自主性。研究二改善研究一限制,採用完整的測量工具、分開測量個體與父親和母親互動的關係自主性,並增加測量適應效標,並以新招募425位參與者的資料進行假設檢驗。結果除重複驗證研究一的發現外,更進一步驗證:(1)父親的引導教養行為,相較其溫情教養行為,更能提升個體的雙元自主性;(2)母親的溫情教養行為,相較其引導教養行為,更能提升個體的雙元自主性;(3)工作自主經驗主要是透過促進個體的個體化自主性的中介作用,進而提升其工作勝任感;(4)父母教養行為主要是透過個體的關係自主性的中介作用,進而提升其與父母的關係親密度。最後本文進行討論並提出未來的研究方向。

Parallel abstracts


This article includs two studies and uses job autonomy experience and perceived parenting behavior two antecedent factors to validate the domain-superiority fasilitating argument of the dual autonomy model. Study 1 utilized a panel longitudinal dataset from the Taiwan Youth Project (TYP) and 1,198 young adults' 8th and 9th wave data were analyzed. Results indicated that high job autonomy experience mainly fasilitates the development of individuating autonomy (IA) and perceived warm parenting facilitates the development of relating autonomy (RA). Study 2 analyzed the data of 425 new recruited young adult participants and results showed that besides reconfirming the findings of Study 1, (1) comparing to the fasilitating effects of other parenting experiences, the fasilitating effect of paternal inductive parenting and maternal warm parenting are more influential on the development of both autonomy; (2) personal IA mainly mediates the relationship from job autonomy experience to sense of job competence; and (3) personal RAs on father and mother mediate the relationship from paternal and maternal parenting to the intermacy with father and mother respectively.

References


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