透過您的圖書館登入
IP:34.239.154.201
  • Journals

為何華語流行樂壇以情傷歌曲為主?試析抒情歌曲的療癒潛質

Why Do Mandarin Popular Songs Usually Deal with Break-Ups? The Therapeutic Potential of Sentimental Ballads

Abstracts


當代本土心理學研究,朝向日常生活世界的探討,而華語流行歌曲在常民生活中,往往能讓人調節情緒,這是個值得關注的現象。過去有研究顯示,經歷情傷的華人會藉由聆聽音樂來調降負向情緒,有些抒情歌曲鼓勵人們以正向態度來看待分手事件。本文從歌曲內容(歌詞與音樂)和聽眾心智歷程的角度,探索華語抒情歌曲「主歌─副歌」形式的藝術特質,以及這個曲式療癒心靈的原理。本文試析華語抒情歌曲在歷史脈絡及當代社會中的意義,釐清歌曲各段落的特質,然後根據抒情歌曲的兩項聆聽實驗(手指溫度測量實驗、腦造影實驗)來分析歌曲的歌詞意境與音樂技法,探討其與心理復原力的關聯。本文指出,第三次副歌的歌詞變化搭配編曲變化,是華語抒情歌曲後段發揮療效的重要因素之一,其中顳葉的中後方區域可能處理歌詞與音樂訊息,而前扣帶回膝部及額下回可能彙整這些訊息以調降負向情緒,這些初步發現揭示了情緒與認知的互動在音樂治療中扮演的角色。如此跨領域研究證據,加上文化心理分析論述的組織脈絡,不僅指出探討音樂治療學理基礎的新方向,也開啟了文化脈絡下心智科學不同研究派典之間的對話契機。

Parallel abstracts


Returning to the ordinary world is the current trend in indigenous psychology for understanding psycho-cultural meanings. Previous research has shown that Chinese people who are experiencing a breakup tend to down-regulate their negative emotions by listening to sentimental ballads, many of which encourage people to view their breakup experience from a positive perspective. The present study explores the artistic nature of the verse-chorus form of sentimental ballads, and the mental therapeutic effects of this form in terms of song contents and listeners’ mental processes. We analyzed the meanings of Mandarin sentimental ballads in terms of historical context and contemporary norms, clarifying the characteristics of different song passages. A finger temperature measurement experiment (39 participants, mean age = 22.5 years) and a brain-imaging experiment (15 participants, 21-26 years-old) provided valuable information about the relationship between song lyrics/music and resilience. The results suggest that changes in the lyrics and musical arrangement in the third chorus may be critical to mental therapeutic effects. The mid-posterior temporal cortex may be involved in semantic and musical processing, while the subgenual anterior cingulate cortex and the inferior frontal gyrus may integrate song information to down-regulate negative emotions. Our preliminary findings have implications for the role of emotion-cognition interactions in music therapy. This interdisciplinary evidence-based research not only resulted in an innovative approach to identify the mechanism underlying music therapy, but also integrated different research paradigms to explore the mind sciences in the context of culture.

References


蔡振家、陳容姍、余思霈(2014)。解析「主歌─副歌」形式:抒情慢歌的基模轉換與音樂酬賞。應用心理研究。61,239-286。
林耀盛(2011)。本土化、西方化與全球化:本土臨床心理學的研發進程。本土心理學研究。35,145-188。
蕭蘋、蘇振昇(2002)。揭開風花雪月的迷霧─解讀臺灣流行音樂中的愛情世界(1989-1998)。新聞學研究。70,167-195。
余德慧、余安邦、李維倫(2010)。人文臨床學的探究。哲學與文化。37(1),63-84。
畢 仁(1994):〈情歌氾濫誰之過,樂壇中人紛卸責〉,1994 年9 月30 日《香港經濟日報》。摘自網址http://m.blog.chinaunix.net/uid-20375883-id-1960373.html

Read-around