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兩性職業區隔的程度與變遷:勞動市場區隔的觀點

The Changes of Occupational Sex Segregation in Taiwan: A Perspective from Labor Market Segmentation

Abstracts


本研究使用1981、1987、1992、及1993、1996、1999年行政院主計處人力運用調查爲資料來源,並以Duncan的樣本數標準化相異指數(size-standardized index of dissimilarity)分析台灣地區整體勞動力中兩性職業區隔的程度與變遷,結果發現我國兩性職業區隔的程度在近二十年間呈逐漸下降的趨勢。惟進一步將樣本區分爲職業別、產業別、城鄉別、企業規模別、及部門別等不同向度下的勞動市場區隔分類,發現兩性職業區隔的變遷趨勢在整體勞動力中未必與區隔化勞動市場中一致,例如基層主要職業、邊陲產業、與公部門中的兩性職業區隔程度則有惡化的趨勢。

Parallel abstracts


Using the data of 1981, 1987, 1992, 1993, 1996, and 1999 ”Manpower Utilization Survey,” the paper employes Duncan's size-standardized index of dissimilarity to measure the degrees and trends of occupational sex segregation in the national labor market as well as segmented labor markets. The results indicated that: (1) the general degrees of occupational sex segregation have decreased in the national labor market; (2) but the degrees of occupational sex segregation has increased in several segmented labor markets, such as the lower primary labor market, the periphery industries, and the public sector.

References


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Baron, James,William Bielby(1980).Bring the Firms back in: Stratification, Segmentation, and the Organization of Work.American Sociological Review.45,737-765.
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