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戰後臺灣白色恐怖論析

White Terror in Postwar Taiwan

Abstracts


本文以宏觀方式,論述戰後臺灣白色恐怖的意義與特徵。全文共分五節,除前言外,第貳節探討政府的控制方式;第參節以兩頂最常扣的帽子:「匪諜」與「臺獨」,來說明這是白色恐怖時期政府對異議分子主要的加罪名目。在臺灣,長久以來,政府一直限制兩種價值表達,即共產主義和臺獨思想,因為這兩種思想和基本國策相違,因此就用懲治叛亂條例來加以禁絕。第肆節,「天羅地網跑不了」,列舉文學、新聞廣播、教育、演藝、軍人與一般庶民、宗教等界涉案情況,用以說明白色恐怖對臺灣人民控制之普遍。結論中指出,戰後臺灣白色恐怖時代,命令重於法律,任何人可能因為一件無心小事,而被羅織入獄;政治犯在社會上是被孤立的;寒蟬效應,知識分子大多不敢任意發聲;國家暴力代權力而起,使得人民自由常受到無謂的干擾。雖自解嚴及政黨輪替後,有不少的政治案件得到平反,但不管在檔案史料刊布與研究上,均仍有待加強。

Keywords

戰後臺灣 白色恐怖 臺獨 匪諜

Parallel abstracts


This paper focuses on the White Terror in postwar Taiwan. It covers 5 sections. The first is a prelude. The second discusses the control mechanism of the government at that time. The third deals with the two issues of the White Terror-”bandit spies” and ”Taiwan independence”. These two were in strong opposition to the government's policies, and thus prohibited and punished with The Rebel Regulations. The fourth section provides evidence of the White Terror with anecdotes from literature, mass media, education, performing arts, religions, the army, and the general public. The last section is a conclusion, touching upon related issues such as the relationship between the politics and law, the social status of the political criminals, the situations of the intellectuals, and the nature of state violence during the 1950s. After the martial law had been lifted in 1987 and the party alternation in power completed in 2000, many political cases of injustice had been reversed. However, the access of archives and the relative studies both need to be enhanced.

References


內政部警政署刑事警察局檔案
二二八事件檔案
內政部警政署檔案
臺灣省警務處檔案

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詹凌瑀(2016)。轉型正義的實踐-以波蘭與台灣為例〔碩士論文,淡江大學〕。華藝線上圖書館。https://doi.org/10.6846/TKU.2016.00685
王昱培(2015)。罪與罰:臺灣刑罰規範變遷的社會學初探〔碩士論文,國立清華大學〕。華藝線上圖書館。https://doi.org/10.6843/NTHU.2015.00283
蕭伶伃(2009)。走進「白色家庭」:一九五O年代政治受難者家屬生命歷程探究〔碩士論文,國立清華大學〕。華藝線上圖書館。https://doi.org/10.6843/NTHU.2009.00480
李怡俐(2014)。當代轉型正義的制度與規範脈絡 -兼論南韓與台灣的經驗比較〔博士論文,國立臺灣大學〕。華藝線上圖書館。https://doi.org/10.6342/NTU.2014.02299
林琮舜(2014)。臺灣史研究在高中教科書中的落實與落差〔碩士論文,國立臺灣大學〕。華藝線上圖書館。https://doi.org/10.6342/NTU.2014.01739

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